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  • 大学语文论文 关于大学语文论文范文参考资料

    该文是关于大学语文论文范文,为你的论文写作提供相关论文资料参考。

    兴趣为导向师范专科大学语文课堂教学问题

    摘 要: 大学语文是师范类专科英语、音乐、体育、美术等专业的必修课,工具性和人文性相统一的课程,因为不是专业课程,所以学生学习积极性不高.本文旨在探讨以兴趣为导向,从教学内容选择等四方面调动学生学习语文的积极性,提倡“快乐语文课堂”,使学生爱学、乐学,充分提高语文学习质量,为将来从教打下扎实的基础.

    关键词: 大学语文 兴趣 快乐课堂

    孔子说:“知之者不如好之者,好之者不如乐之者.”“好之”“乐之”就是充分发挥学生的主观能动性,爱好学习,乐于学习,体验到学习是一种快乐.苏霍姆林斯基说:我们应该使每一个学生在毕业时候,带走的不仅仅是一些知识和技能,最重要的是要带走渴求知识的火花,并使它终生不熄地燃烧下去.渴求知识的火花应该就是具有主观能动的乐于学习的愿望,可见教师的职责不在于教给孩子讲的学问,而在于激发孩子的学习兴趣,当兴趣已很浓的时候,再教他学习方法,这才符合优良教育的原则.“兴趣是最好的老师”,有兴趣就有良好的学习动机.

    大学语文是师范类专科英语、音乐、体育、美术等专业的必修课,工具性和人文性相统一的课程,在“大思政”体系,大学语文课程是提升人文素养、塑造心智、巩固专业思想很好的课程载体.但是因为不是专业课程,所以不是每个学生都具有浓厚的学习兴趣,这些情况迫切要求在大学语文课堂上激发学生的学习兴趣,提倡“快乐语文课堂”,充分调动不同专业、不同层次学生学习语文的积极性,提高语文学习质量,为将来从教打下扎实的基础.

    一、选择经典的中外作品

    大学语文课程是人文社会科学类课程综合性最强的课程,许多篇目集文、史、哲及艺术审美于一身,是师范专科阶段文化素质培养的基础课程和重点课程.针对专业的特点,主要进行单篇课例阅读和鉴赏,将大学语文知识体系和专业课融合起来,提高学生的阅读、理解、赏析、辨别、审美等语文能力,全面培养学生的素质,树立职业信心和决心,以德树人,从而三五年后成长为合格的“学高、品正”的教育人才.

    布卢姆(美)说:学习的最大动力,是对学习材料的兴趣.可见,教学内容的选择很重要.大学语文教材版本很多,内容版式不一,結合专业学生特点,可以选择理论教学四大板块诗歌、散文、小说、戏剧的一些经典篇目如:汉乐府《饮马长城窟行》、屈原《山鬼》、南朝乐府《西洲曲》、曾子《大学》节选、老子《曲则全》、张若虚《春江花月夜》、白居易《长恨歌》、辛弃疾《摸鱼儿雁丘词》、柳永《八声甘州》、蒋捷《虞美人 听雨》、吴伟业《圆圆曲》、张岱《西湖七月半》、刘义庆《世说新语》、三言二拍《俞伯牙摔琴谢知音》、林徽因《别丢掉》、王剑冰《绝版的周庄》、蒲松龄《聊斋小翠欧亨利《麦琪的礼物》、莫泊桑《绳子的故事》、夏洛蒂·勃朗特《简·爱》、王实甫《西厢记》、汤显祖《牡丹亭游园惊梦》、老舍《茶馆》、莎士比亚《哈姆莱特》,等等,这些篇目经典耐读,文史相间,学生感兴趣.实践教学板块:经典诗词咏诵、戏剧表演、周记和主题写作等,这些项目和理论教学相辅相成,学生参和度很高.

    二、创造快乐的课堂氛围

    “好奇”是学生的天性,他们对新颖的事物、知道而没有见过的事物都有兴趣,要调动学生的学习积极性,就必须满足他们的这些需求,在课堂45分钟内,调动学生的好奇心,使其愿意以愉悦的心情倾情投入学习,教、学方法和教学手段的应用至关重要.

    作为最主要的教学手段,讲授法,手口相传的课堂教学在大学语文教学中很重要,可以教师讲解为主体,也可以学生讲解为主体,可以讲授为主,也可以讨论、自学为主,还可用启发式教学,启发学生独立思考,发现问题,解决问题,培养其解决实际问题的能力.

    课堂面授一篇作品的欣赏,可用故事讲解法、文本和影视媒介结合法、情景设置法、提问法、点拨法,在知识背景讲解、情感注入、讨论等过程中,极大激发学生兴趣,从而更好地理解文本内容,帮助对作品的理解,不露痕迹、细雨无声地进行素养的培养.如教授《饮马长城窟行》时,诗和现实生活息息相关,人们的生活在诗歌中得到再现.教学“客从远方来,遗我双鲤鱼.呼儿烹鲤鱼,中有尺素书.长跪读素书,书中竟何如.上言加餐食,下言长相忆”,多富有深情的文字,但是年代久远,文中主人公的真实体验不好把握,此时将文本结合电影《归来》的片段视频:陆焉识抱着大箱子来到妻子家,打开满满一大箱的信件,慢慢展开深情朗读,以点点滴滴的生活来唤起妻子的记忆等饱含泪目的情景再现,学生有兴趣,自然理解在信息不发达的年代,书信文化意义有多重大.讲《别丢掉》,可以结合诗歌,讲林徽因徐志摩的人生传奇故事和他们的爱情故事,再结合影视剧《人间四月天》切入课文,知道了诗歌背景写作的来龙去脉,理解诗歌蕴义,朗诵就特别到位.教学《长恨歌》时,围绕李杨爱情故事,延伸讲讲中国古代四大美女的故事,等等.鉴赏屈原《山鬼》时,很多生僻字词曲异意象不好理解,这时,可以在整体感知诗歌前,把屈原的身世、炎帝的传奇、炎帝陵景点的布置讲透彻,这样学生就能很直观地了解到那个时代的信息,并且很容易就能接受知识,消化知识,感受意象,在诗歌字词的掌握、内容的理解、艺术手法的把握上几乎没有困难,甚至背诵都很轻松快乐.

    语文教学的一个重要任务是教学生学会学习,力求最大限度地发挥学生的主动性、合作性、发展性和创造性,达到激发兴趣、理解陶情、启迪心智、感悟沉淀的四种境界.在学法上可以重点采用:讨论法——以小组为单位积极参和,总结规律;悬念法——教师设计好问题,让学生带着问题,巩固提高;自主探究法——让学生实践,巩固提高.其中,讨论法很重要,讨论的基本要求,是在教师的指导下,就教材的重点和疑难问题进行集体讨论以求明确,解决疑难.这种教学方法的最大特点是训练学生的思维能力,培养学生的口头表达能力.总之,教的目的是为了学生的学,终极目标是为了不教,“授之以鱼,不如授之以渔”.

    三、精心设计活动的方案

    课堂教学是师生互动的一个过程,这就要求教师精心设计好流程中的每个环节.课前,教师肯定要设计好教学目标、能力训练项目、参考材料、教学流程步骤:告知(教学内容、目的)——引入(背景材料)——操练(任务)——训练(项目)——归纳总结(知识和能力)——作业布置告知学生,课后再从教学内容、教学过程、教学策略和学生反馈等方面进行教学反思.

    大学语文论文范文结:

    关于本文可作为大学语文方面的大学硕士与本科毕业论文大学语文课文目录论文开题报告范文和职称论文论文写作参考文献下载。

    1、大学语文论文

    2、大学论文题目

    3、语文天地杂志社

    4、大学心理论文

    5、大学生涯规划论文

    6、大学物理论文2000字

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