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  • 中国信用卡论文 关于中国信用卡论文范文参考资料

    关于免费中国信用卡论文范文在这里免费下载与阅读,为您的中国信用卡相关论文写作提供资料。

    中国信用卡产业蓝皮书(2018)摘要

    1985年,我国首张信用卡在珠海中行诞生,中国 产业从此拉开序幕.经过三十年度发展,我国信用卡产业实现了跨越式发展,截至2014年12月末,我国信用卡累计卡量达到4.6亿张,且活卡率维持在58.7%;交易规模实现了由0到万亿元的突破,信用卡交易总额占全国社会消费品零售总额的比重达到了58.0%,成为我国居民消费时使用最广泛、便捷的非 支付工具.

    此外,顺应互联网的兴起,信用卡产业出现了网络申请办卡、网银激活开卡、网上商城消费、网上支付平台缴费还款、手机APP和微信服务平台查询等多种新型业务模式,并且创新不断加快.同时,我国信用卡收单参和主体增多,收单方式多样化,银行和非金融支付机构积极应对发展趋势,纷纷加强了对收单终端机具以及支付方式的创新,相继推出手机银行、NFC支付、二维码支付、声波支付、手机POS等产品.

    我国信用卡发卡规模快速增长 活卡率维持稳定

    2014年,信用卡发卡规模继续快速增长,活卡量不断上升,活卡率维持稳定.截至2014年12月末,我国信用卡累计发卡量4.6亿张,当年新增发卡量6400万张,比年初增长17.9%;信用卡累计活卡量达2.7亿张,和2013年同期相比增加4800万张,比年初增长17.4%,信用卡活卡率为58.7%.

    从发卡银行结构来看,五家大型商业银行发卡量占据我国信用卡市场份额超过一半.截至2014年12月末,中国工商银行、中国农业银行、中国银行、中国建设银行、交通银行五家国有控股大型商业银行累计发卡量占全国信用卡发卡量的57.7%,招商银行等12家全国性股份制商业银行的信用卡累计发卡量占全国信用卡总发卡量的37.1%,其他地方性银行、外资银行、邮政储蓄银行等约占5.2%.

    从国际主要发卡组织发卡量来看,银联品牌信用卡新增发卡量增长较快.截至2014年年底,中国银联累计发卡3.7亿张,新增发卡量7044万张;Visa卡累计发行8612万张,新增发卡1212万张;万事达卡累计发行7500万张,新增发卡1100万张.

    一般类和民生类商户交易金额和笔数占比提高

    2014年,我国非 支付消费规模进一步扩大,信用卡交易笔数、交易金额持续增长.截至2014年12月末,我国信用卡跨行交易笔数为60.5亿笔,在2012、2013年同比增速分别为26.7%和28.5%基础上,交易笔数增长率进一步提高至30.4%.我国信用卡交易金额为15.2万亿元,比上年增长16.0%.

    银联标准信用卡交易金额和交易笔数在全球的市场份额持续上升,交易金额居全球主要 品牌第二位.截至2014年12月末,我国信用卡经中国银联境外网络交易笔数约9900万笔,同比增加35.6%,交易金额约2000亿元,同比增加11.1%.

    信用卡交易在一般类和民生类商户的交易金额和交易笔数占比仍呈延续增长态势.从各类型商户信用卡交易金额占比来看,一般类和民生类商户占 别为60.0%和26.7%,分别较上年有所上升,而餐娱类、公益类商户交易金额占比有不同程度减少.从各类型商户信用卡交易笔数占比来看,一般类和民生类商户占 别为33.3%和49.3%,是信用卡使用较为集中的商户类型;民生类商户占比上升 3.7个百分点,餐娱类、一般类和公益类商户占 别下降1.9、1.4和0.6个百分点.

    2014年,比较世界六大 品牌的全球跨行交易金额,Visa以全年45.6 万亿元人民币的跨行交易金额位居榜首,其次分别为中国银联、万事达和美国运通.受益于国内 市场的持续快速发展,中国银联以41.1万亿元人民币的跨行交易金额位居全球第二位,几乎和Visa相当,交易金额增速位居第一.

    信用卡欺诈损失金额有所上升 风险损失率有所下降

    我国未偿信贷余额和逾期半年未偿信贷总额呈现快速上升态势.截至2014年12月末,我国信用卡未偿信贷余额2.3万亿元,比上年增长27.2%.逾期半年未偿信贷总额为357.6亿元,较2013年底增加105.7亿元,比上年增长42.0%.逾期半年未偿信贷总额占期末未偿信贷总额的1.53%,占比较上年末上升0.16个百分点,信贷潜在风险继续上升.

    我国信用卡欺诈损失金额有所上升,但风险损失率有所下降.2014年,信用卡欺诈损失金额为1.5亿元,同比上升15.1%;信用卡欺诈损失率为0.12BP,比上年下降0.02BP.得益于行业各参和方在防范欺诈方面的通力合作,及消费者安全用卡意识的持续提高,信用卡欺诈损失率自2009年起连续六年下降.

    从欺诈类型来看,排名前五位的为伪卡虚假申请、互联网欺诈、失窃卡和账户盗用.和2013年相比,伪卡欺诈损失仍是占比最高的欺诈类型,占比有所回升;虚假申请欺诈损失金额及占比较去年有所降低;创新业务欺诈,如互联网欺诈损失金额和占比仍呈较快增长态势.2014年,互联网欺诈损失金额为2245.4万元,比上年增长59.1%;互联网欺诈损失占比为14.8%,比上年增长4个百分点.

    打造互联网服务平台 不断拓宽互联网申请渠道

    顺应互联网兴起趋势,传统金融结合互联网进行了各种创新,信用卡产业也不例外,出现了网络申请办卡、网银激活开卡、网上商城消费、网上支付平台缴费还款、手机APP和微信服务平台查询等多种新型业务模式,互联网渗透到了信用卡使用的全过程.

    一方面,电子商务市场的高速增长促使发卡行整合本行的信用卡客户和商户资源,建立网上商城,进军电子商务市场.信用卡网上商城为客户提供多样化服务,包括网络购物、积分兑换、办理分期、商旅预定等,既提升了客户满意度,也增加了发卡行新的收入来源.

    另一方面,移动互联网时代,发卡行在原有的人工电话、自助语音、双向短信、电子邮件、网银等服务渠道基础上,积极引入新技术,整合各类资源,打造专属APP、微信官方服务号和订阅号等新型互联网移动服务平台,带给持卡人更加便捷的服务体验.互联网移动服务平台的出现不仅实现了信用卡服务信息随时随地地有效传递,同时解决了发卡行服务时间、服务区域以及服务设施不足的问题.

    通过这些互联网移动服务平台,随时随地,信用卡持卡人都可以方便快捷地办理查询、支付、还款、分期、积分兑换等业务,极大地提升了客户满意度,此类平台深受欢迎.

    此外,发卡行还创新发卡模式,不断拓宽互联网申请渠道.互联网兴起后,传统信用卡发卡模式发生较大变化.现在申请人只要登陆银行官方网址或者下载银行手机APP,简单填写必要信息,在线提交申请,1-3天内就会接到银行回访电话、实地核查,再过2-4天,就收到邮寄来的卡片.整个过程,平均只需要3-7天,某些发卡行甚至做到了网络申请当天发卡.由于网络办卡十分便捷,深受客户欢迎,带动网络发卡业务高速增长,发卡行来自网络渠道的信用卡新增客户占比逐年上升.

    我国信用卡商户收单 参和主体增多

    收单市场参和主体增多,收单渠道和方式多样化,近年来随着电子商务和互联网金融的兴起,尤其是2010年中国人民银行颁布《非金融机构支付服务管理办法》后,非金融支付机构也正式加入到收单市场的竞争中.

    截至2014年底,获得 收单业务许可的非金融支付机构有60余家.这些非金融支付机构依靠业务创新,在实体商户收单方面,灵活调整发展方向,随着大型商户和大中型城市受理市场的逐渐饱和,积极转向中小型商户及二、三线城市进行拓展;在网络商户收单方面,非金融支付机构主要依托电子商务平台,对网络交易业务进行收单,业务范围包括消费、缴费、充值、还款、彩票等,实现对网络特约商户的广泛覆盖.非金融支付机构在收单市场的快速扩张,打破了原有银行、银联商务为主的收单市场格局,在收单市场——尤其是网络商户收单业务中占有重要一席.

    同时,我国信用卡商户收单方式呈现多样化.随着信息技术和互联网——特别是移动互联网的快速发展,客户的消费行为正向移动化演变.银行和非金融支付机构积极应对发展趋势,纷纷加强了对收单终端机具以及支付方式的创新.近几年,相继推出手机银行、NFC支付、二维码支付、声波支付、手机POS等产品.而因为方便、快捷的体验,使得这些产品迅速地被客户接受并逐渐占据市场份额.收单产品和方式的不断创新,不仅探索出了全新的业务模式,进一步丰富了支付场景.同时,也改变了传统POS机收单的绝对优势地位.本文原载于《中国银行业》杂志2015年第8期.

    中国信用卡论文范文结:

    关于对不知道怎么写中国信用卡论文范文课题研究的大学硕士、相关本科毕业论文中国银行信用卡官网论文开题报告范文和文献综述及职称论文的作为参考文献资料下载。

    1、中国近代史论文3000字

    2、中国校外教育杂志社

    3、中国社会科学期刊

    4、中国现代医学杂志

    5、中国畜牧杂志

    6、中国和世界的关系论文

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