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  • 本科院校论文 关于本科院校论文范文参考资料

    本文是一篇关于本科院校论文范文,可作为相关选题参考,和写作参考文献。

    翻转课堂对新建本科院校教学挑战和

    【摘 要】信息化时代的到来推动着高校课堂教学改革,“以教师为中心”的教学模式违背了因材施教的教学理念,同时,全球化的翻转课堂实践也迫使高校不得不进行改革.文章从分析新建本科院校课堂教学面临的现实问题出发,通过论述新建本科院校翻转课堂在观念转变、资源技术和设备需求、课程内容策划、教学效果评价等方面存在的挑战,得到三点启发,为新建本科院校课堂教学改革提供参考.

    【关键词】翻转课堂 新建本科院校 课堂教学改革

    随着以信息化为主要特征的知识经济时代的到来,计算机技术、多媒体技术、网络技术等迅猛发展,各行各业都在“互联网+”的推动下改革和发展,教育行业也不例外.根据《教育信息化十年发展规划(2011~2020年)》的要求,到2020年,要形成和国家教育现代化发展目标相适应的教育信息化体系,基本建成人人可享有优质教育资源的信息化学习环境,基本形成学习型社会的信息化支撑服务体系,基本实现所有地区和各级各类学校宽带网络的全面覆盖,教育管理信息化水平显著提高,信息技术和教育融合发展的水平显著提升.教育部2015年4月份出台的《关于加强高等学校在线开放课程建设应用和管理的意见》(教高[2015]3号),提出要构建有中国特色的在线开放课程体系和课程平台的设想,推动我国大规模在线开放课程建设走上“高校主体、政府支持、社会参和”的积极、健康、创新、可持续的中国特色良性发展道路.这两份文件,为高校课堂教学改革指明了方向,同时也为新建本科院校课堂教学改革提供了理论依据.

    一、新建本科院校课堂教学面临的现实问题

    (一)“以教师为中心”的传统教学模式存在弊端

    传统的课堂教学模式是老师站在讲台上讲,学生坐在讲台下听,老师是课堂教学的“主角”,学生扮演者“配角”.而我们不得不正视传统课堂教学模式在当今信息化时代中所暴露出来的弊端.课堂上,教师为了照顾所有学生同步学习而讲解相同的理论知识, 齐地坐在教室里听讲、记笔记,结果思维活跃的学生“没吃饱”,而反应较慢的学生又跟不上节奏;下课后,学生独自面对老师布置的作业,当他们碰到问题时却得不到及时解答.因此我们可以看到,“以教师为中心”的传统教学模式把不同特质的学生按照统一固定的模式进行培养,忽略了学生间的能力差异,违背了个体差异性原则,既降低了学习效率,阻碍了优秀学生的进步,又使得后进生筋疲力尽,丧失学习的勇气和动力.从本质上看,“以教师为中心”的传统教学模式违背了因材施教的教育思想,应改革传统教学模式,遵循“以学生为中心”的教育理念.

    (二)全球化翻转课堂实践迫使高校教学改革

    作为翻转课堂的发源地,美国数字教育中心(The Center for Digital Education)2013年对美国高校教师开展的全国调查显示,美国一些高校教师已经开始采用翻转课堂教学方式,并取得了不错效果(Morris & Brown,2013).近几年,我国的一些地区和学校正逐步推广翻转课堂实践,希望能通过此种尝试,探索突显学习者主体地位,回应时代对学生个性和能力发展的要求.而微课、慕课和翻转课堂的出现,使学习者们只需一台联网的计算机或移动终端设备就可以浏览和访问国际一流的教育资源,这对高校的生存和发展提出了极大挑战.高校具有优良的校园网环境,大学生具有灵活的学习时间和学习终端,如果高校的课堂教学模式不改革创新,不和时俱进,就无法吸引学生到课堂中去,学生就会选择学习其它网络优质教学资源.此外,如果知名大学对慕课进行学分认证,颁发学历或学位证书,那么将会对那些不致力于课堂教学改革的高校造成淘汰危机.因此,“互联网+”时代的到来,对高校课堂教学的发展和改革提出了更高的要求,新建本科院校更应紧紧把握住高等教育的发展趋势,在坚持特色教育和应用型人才培养目标的基础上,改革课堂教学模式,和时代同步前进.

    二、翻转课堂的概念和意义

    翻转课堂译自“Flipped Classroom”或“InvertedClassroom”,也有人将其译为“颠倒课堂”或“反转课堂”,是一种以信息技术为依托,让学生在课前通过教学视频完成知识学习,课上通过协作和交流实现知识内化,课后进行知识的反馈和补救的新型教学模式.

    翻转课堂能够彻底摆脱传统“课堂知识传授+课下知识内化”的教学形式束缚,采用在线学习的方式让学生根据个人情况,自定步调完成课前教学资源的学习,课堂上不再进行知识传授,而是在教师的引导下帮助学生完成知识内化.翻转课堂教学形式可以真正实现“以教师为中心”向“以学生为中心”转换,提高学生学习效果、提升教师教学效率,是克服传統教学模式弊端的有效教学形式.

    课堂教学改革是新建本科院校教学质量工程的核心内容,在新建本科院校探索和实践“翻转课堂”式教学方法,有利于新建本科院校加快建立在线教学网络平台,更新教学设备,完善考评机制等.“翻转课堂”教学模式对高校教师提出了更高的要求,教师为了提高翻转课堂的效果,需不断提升自身的信息技术水平,更好地进行课堂设计,提升教育教学能力.翻转课堂教学给学生提供更多的培养机会,能够结合传统课堂和网络课堂教学的优势,在能力达到标准的基础上,突显个体差异,为个性发展留有空间.

    三、新建本科院校翻转课堂教学面临的挑战

    翻转课堂教学对新建本科院校课堂教学改革具有重要意义,但同时也带给新建本科院校新的挑战.翻转课堂的实践需要运用现代化信息技术来改变传统教学模式,需要教师投入大量的时间和精力去进行课程设计和内容制作,而且教师对于翻转课堂教学的效果也难以评估,这会让一些教师缺乏勇气去尝试翻转课堂教学.

    (一)观念转变的挑战

    传统教学模式中,教师通过课堂讲解的方式传授新知识,学生通过课前预习、课中回顾和听讲、课后复习的方式来接受知识,这种模式已成为学校、教师以及学生习以为常的模式.而翻转课堂模式将传统模式颠倒了过来,教师在课前就得准备好微型教学视频、数字化教学资源,课中解答学生课前学习反馈的问题,辅助学生深入探索新知识并对课堂学习情况进行评价.学生通过课前观看教学视频和数字化教学资源,完成课前教师制定的学习任务,课中通过合作学习来促进知识内化,课后通过练习来实现新旧知识迁移.这种颠倒式的学习模式需要得到学校、教师和学生的共同认同才能有效实施,首先教师的观念能否转变,是否能够接受翻转课堂教学是关键;其次,翻转课堂可采用的教学手段很灵活,有小组合作、汇报、互评、独立思考等,学生在课堂上已不能够沉寂和安分,必须主动参和、积极思考,所以学生能否转变观念接受这种新模式也是一种挑战;再者就是学校层面,高校教学督导员多是年龄偏大的老教师,他们是否能够接受这种课堂上教师只言片语,学生激烈争辩的较“混乱”的课堂模式,这些都给翻转课堂的实施带来了挑战.

    本科院校论文范文结:

    适合不知如何写本科院校方面的相关专业大学硕士和本科毕业论文以及关于二本大学论文开题报告范文和相关职称论文写作参考文献资料下载。

    1、本科论文提纲

    2、本科毕业论文选题

    3、本科毕业设计

    4、本科论文格式模板

    5、汉语言文学本科毕业论文

    6、本科论文题目

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