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  • 本科论文 关于本科论文范文参考资料

    此文是一篇本科论文范文,为你的毕业论文写作提供有价值的参考。

    金融工程本科教学问题和

    摘 要:近年来,随着金融实践的发展,各类金融机构对金融工程人才需求迅速上升,国内许多财经类高校都开设了金融工程相关课程,但是在课程定位、课程设置、教学内容等方面存在的问题值得关注.在教学过程中,应当在保持宏观金融研究与教学优势的同时,注重微观金融的教学和研究,适当加大微观金融与数理分析方面课程的开设力度,改进完善教材体系,注重培养学生运用现代工程技术解决金融实际问题的能力.

    关 键 词:财经院校;金融工程教学;改进措施

    中图分类号:G642.4 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1006-3544(2014)02-0072-04

    一、引言

    金融工程(Financial Engineering)兴起于20世纪80年代中后期的欧美发达金融市场,它将工程思维引入金融领域,综合运用各种工程技术设计、开发创新性的金融产品,以满足风险管理等现实性金融问题.我国从20世纪90年代末开始引入金融工程的思想,当时我国的金融市场才刚刚开始发展,金融工程理论和方法在实践中应用极少.近年来随着我国金融市场快速发展,金融工程在实践中的应用也日益广泛,金融机构和企业对具有创新意识并掌握产品设计技能的金融工程人才需求迅速上升.

    在此背景下,国内金融工程的教学和科研也得以迅速发展,许多高校都开设了金融工程相关课程或开设金融工程专业,专门培养金融工程技术人才.当前, 我国共有36所高校开设了金融工程本科专业,其中,财经院校22所、综合性大学6所、理工院校8所,还有多所高校开展了金融工程硕士和博士的培养,而更多的高校则是开设了金融工程相关课程.

    本文拟通过对金融工程课程特点的分析, 并结合财经类院校金融工程课程教学中存在的问题, 提出财经类院校金融工程课程教学的改进建议.

    二、金融工程学科特点

    (一)金融工程是一门交叉型学科

    金融工程集合了金融学的基础理论和工程学的基本分析方法,强调学科间的交叉渗透,是典型的交叉型、边缘型学科.在金融工程中,既要具备风险收益、无套利、风险中性等金融思维,又要有“积木思想”和系统性思维等工程思维,还要能够综合运用数值计算、 数学建模、 网络模拟等工程技术方法解决处理各种现实金融问题.

    此外,由于数据获取、处理、计算的高度复杂性,金融工程还需要借助信息技术, 以及先进的计算机硬件和软件编程技术的支持, 以满足大量复杂的模拟和计算需要.所以说,金融工程是一门将工程思维引入金融领域,融现代金融学、工程方法与信息技术于一体的交叉性学科.

    (二)金融工程强调量化分析方法的运用

    金融工程的一个突出特点是大量运用定量分析方法来解决各类金融实务中的实际问题. 在西方发达国家,金融学一直被认为是一门严谨的科学,为了显示金融学的严谨性, 无论是理论界还是实业界都强调运用数理方法分析解决金融问题. 金融工程更是从一开始就建立在数理基础之上, 无论是理论研究还是具体运用,都离不开严谨的数理推导和精确的计算.可以说,定量研究是金融工程的核心和生命,贯穿金融工程发展始终,没有定量分析就没有金融工程学科的发展.

    金融工程的量化分析通常有两个阶段:第一步是把没有数量特征的各种实际对象转变成具有数量特征和某种相关关系的变量.在数学模型提出来后,接下来的任务就是针对不同类型的模型进行分析、求解、推导和论证.

    (三)金融工程重视创新思维

    金融工程是“创新性金融工具和金融过程的设计、开发和运用以及对企业整体金融问题的创造性解决方略” [1] .其中,新型金融工具的设计和创造是金融工程最核心、 最重要的运作领域.1997年诺贝尔经济学奖得主Fisher Black曾经说过,“有了衍生商品,你几乎可以拥有任何想要的报酬形态.只要你可以把他画在纸上,或者以语言文字描述出来,就有人可以为你设计出任何你想要的报酬形态的衍生品”.[2] 金融工程以股票、债券、信贷资产等基础性金融工具为基础,通过组合、剥离与杂交等方式,开发出新的衍生金融工具;再以这些衍生金融工具为基础,构造出更为复杂的衍生金融工具.如此不断推进,创造出形式各异、特征不同的“无穷”金融产品,以满足不同市场状况下的特定需求.现在,国际金融市场上的金融产品已从最初的股票、债券,以及利率远期、股指期货、货币互换等简单的衍生证券,发展至极为复杂的奇异期权,以及众多由不同证券组合而成的结构性产品.总之,金融工程技术的发展使得金融产品的内涵和外延、种类和数量无时不处在变化的过程中,可以说创新是金融工程的灵魂.

    (四)金融工程是一门应用学科

    金融工程是金融科学的工程化,在本质上是金融科学从抽象的理论走向市场和客户的过程,是一门从实际情况出发针对实际问题的应用型学科.现实经济中,不同经济主体面临着不同的金融问题.个人希望以专业化方式管理其资产,实现资产的保值增值,并能保证日常的流动性需求.企业需要有适当的方式规避汇率、利率以及原材料、产品价格波动对企业经营活动的不利影响.银行等金融机构思考的则是如何设计出多样化的金融产品去吸引客户,以及如何监管金融风险以实现特定风险下的收益最大化.而金融工程就是要根据市场需求的变化,借助现代工程管理的思维和方法, 为各种金融问题提供创造性的解决方案,满足市场丰富多样的金融需求.

    三、金融工程教学中存在的问题

    (一)课程定位不明确

    国外金融学科发展主要有两种模式:“经济学院模式”和“商学院模式”.前者强调宏观金融问题的学习和研究,货币银行学、金融经济学、国际金融学等是其最为重要的专业课程;后者注重微观金融问题, 关注金融市场运行中的各类金融活动. 在商学院模式下,金融学被视为是管理学的重要组成部分,强调与公司管理的结合,金融市场学、公司理财、投资学、金融工程等课程成为其最重要的课程.

    本科论文范文结:

    关于本科方面的的相关大学硕士和相关本科毕业论文以及相关读了专升本好后悔啊论文开题报告范文和职称论文写作参考文献资料下载。

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